The 27 May 2011 issue of the journal Science has a literature review on the subject of dyscalculia. (The abstract is available here.) It summarizes some interesting recent brain science, as well as potentially useful interventions. Dyscalculia is indeed analogous to dyslexia, though much more is known about the latter, of course (as evidenced by the fact that my spell-checker recognizes “dyslexia” but not its cousin). The review makes a compelling case for more attention and funding for the study of this disorder.
What I wonder is this: if dyscalulia becomes more widely recognized in, for example, the popular press, how will it play out? In particular, how will attitudes toward dyscalculia differ from attitudes toward dyslexia, given our society’s mixed feelings about mathematics?